| This article is marked as being poor quality and needs improvement. You can help improve the article by contributing. The discussion page may contain suggestions.
This article or section was last edited by Bonaparte Duchyball (Contribs • Log) 102225 minutes ago.
| This article uses material from another article from MicroWiki, reposted on Micronationals Wikia.
This article or section was last edited by Bonaparte Duchyball (Contribs • Log) 102225 minutes ago.
Reino da Rutênia (pt)
Nós Venceremos a Inveja com a Ajuda de Deus!
We will overcome envy with God's help! (English)
Global Ruthenian territories. (A) and (B) are Ruthenian Lands; (C) is the Duchy of Libertia and (D) the Grand Duchy of Gaussland.
|Official language(s)||English (de jure)|
Portuguese (de facto)
|Official religion(s)||Roman Catholicism|
|Demonym||Ruthenian (English), Rutêno (Portuguese)|
|- King||Oscar, King of Ruthenia|
|- Chancellor||D. Guilherme da Lomellina e Berenguer|
|Legislature||Council of State (upper house)|
General Assembly (lower house)
|Formation||19 November 2014|
|Area Claimed||3 km² (1.1583 mi²)|
|Currency||Ruthenian Mark (RM) (RMK)|
Ruthenia, officially the Kingdom of Ruthenia (Portuguese: Reino da Rutênia), is a confederate constitutional monarchy located in South America, Europe and Eastern Antarctica. Claiming approximately three kilometers of territory, its capital is Persenburg-Götzödorf, having previously been Alto da Solidão.
A constitutional monarchy since 6 February 2015, state power is divided between the King, currently Oscar I, the Council of State, and the General Assembly. From the creation of the Kingdom until February 2015, Ruthenia was governed under an absolute monarchy, and for one week between January and February 2015, the King exercised a royal dictatorship. After this, the Ruthenian democracy has become stable and has been perpetuated ever since.
Although founded in 2014 by the current King, the roots of Ruthenia date back a century, with great power exercised by the Royal Family in the Land of St. Stephen and Land of St. Peter and St. Paul, regions giving rise to the kingdom as it is known today. Ruthenia's territory has changed over time. In Brazil, virtually all land is owned by and under the direct rule of the King, with a flagrant tendency to expand. Overseas, the kingdom controls swathes of territory in Europe and the Eastern portion of Antarctica.
The first settlements on the land now claimed by Ruthenia date from the first half of the eighteenth century, having been founded with the arrival of the Royal Family of Portugal in Brazil. With the fall of Napoleon and the return of the Braganza Dynasty to Portugal, the House of Thomaz-Rocha decided to remain in the region, having established power and prestige among the locals.
From then on, the "ruling family" of Ruthenia ignored the government and wielded autonomy over the area, not being contested by any authority and acquiring more subjects. On 19 November 2014, after nearly two centuries of uninterrupted exercise of power in the region, a major step was taken. After gaining permission from his father, the now King Oscar of Ruthenia established the Throne of Ruthenia, declaring Ruthenia to be an independent kingdom.
The next day, the flag and the national coat of arms, the royal title, the ministries of Foreign Affairs, Interior, Finance and the Royal Household, Defence and Immigration were established, and religious freedom in the kingdom was granted.
In the early hours of 21 November, the Kingdom of Acrin was the first nation to recognize Ruthenia, followed by the German Reich of Mednyi and the People's Republic of Hashima. The following day, Ruthenia also established mutual recognition with the Kingdom of Wiltogo.
The first three months of Ruthenia's existence were plagued by uncertainty and political instability, but King Oscar was able to maintain order and develop the kingdom. On 22 March 2015, the capital was officially moved to the south, to Persenburg-Götzödorf, having previously been Alto da Solidão. A Absolute Monarchy from his beggining, everything has changed with the Constitution of 2015. Ruthenia became a confederate constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system of government, wherein the King of Ruthenia is the Head of State and the Chancellor is the Head of Government, and the Power of the King was splited among the legislative, executive and judicial branches of government.
On 30 March 2015, the Royal House decided, after some controversy, to retrospectively recognise the Duke Ari of Ruthenia - father of King Oscar - as having been the first King of the country. Despite Oscar having exercised dominion over the government from its foundation on 19 November, it was only on 20 November that he was formally declared King, and so it was decided that for a few hours between 19 and 20 November, his father, the Duke Ari, had been the de jure King of Ruthenia. The Duke therefore had his style changed to Royal Majesty and was given right to a special coat of arms. Furthermore, his wife (the current king's mother) took the style of Royal Highness but kept her coat of arms. In practice, the only real effect of this decision was to add a king to the list of rulers and delay the official start of Oscar of Ruthenia's reign by one day.
Widely reported in the national and foreign media, the "Scandinavian Affair" was a crisis which started with a referendum to decide which national language would be adopted by Ruthenia. Lusophones and Anglophones had split the government, disputing for power, with the King favoring one against the other. The plebiscite ended with the victory of the supporters of the English language. With Portuguese limited to being the language of the royal court, the Lusophones began an exodus from Ruthenia. The Anglophones, led by the Duke of Erdene, tried to incite rebellion, later being punished.
During this difficult time, the Empire of Munkkia approached the Ruthenian government, proposing a union between the two micronations. The Ruthenian people failed to approve of such a measure, not wishing to have their faith and culture become a minority. The union failed and the relationship between Munkkia and Ruthenia was severely damaged. One of the most tragic moments was a false accusation of espionage made against a Norwegian subject, which caused national uproar, despite having also been an example of popular disapproval against union of the two countries.
The decision not to join Munkkia was taken during a meeting convened by King Oscar, during which it was also decided that the King would participate more actively in power at least until a Constitution comes into force. Also on this occasion, it was announced that Ruthenia would be, until further notice, an absolute monarchy, and the King would exercise, with support from the General Assembly, a "royal dictatorship".
The Union with Libertia and Savage Islands
The Principality of Lomellina, a former ally of Ruthenia, was an enclave and exclave micronation with self-proclaimed territories in Antarctica, Italy and Greenland. In the 20 November 2014, the Lomellinian Aristocracy proposed a government change in which the High Chanceller Richard Abreo-Louis had complete ruling power over the aristocracy members, in a decision that did not pleased D. Guilheme I, the Prince of Lomellina, since the prince had gave great autonomy for aristocracy.
His denial caused the aristocracy to protest and started an anti-absolutist campaign against the prince on the 26 November. The same day, the event now called "Lomellinian Revolt" began, and Richard Abreo-Louis was crowned as the constitutional successor of Prince Guilherme and his reign lasted for only 3 days. On the 01 December, Guilherme I was officially overthrowed by Richard Abreo-Louis after the capture of Castello di Valle, Lomellina's capital city. After 04 December, Richard turned the nation into a State in which the only territorial posession was Castello di Valle, thus creating the State of Lomellina.
As for the dethroned D. Guilherme I, he exiled to the Autonomous Kingdom of the Savage Islands, which was formed by his cousin, King Francisco de Moniz II. After a week in exile, D. Guilherme took the conclusion that he still held ruling power in Lomellina Consolato and founded the Duchy of Libertia within the city along with his Ducal Family. On the 30 January 2015, D. Guilherme established contact with the King Oscar of Ruthenia, with the idea of annexing Libertia into his project, the Kingdom of Ruthenia, a request that was instantly accepted, since the two were old friends. King Oscar elected Guilherme as Chancellor of Ruthenia and a place his family between the other Ruthenian noble houses.
On 23 February 2015, the monarch D. Francisco Moniz II gave the rights and sovereignty of the islands to his cousin, D. Guilherme da Lomellina e Berenguer, the then Duke of the Duchy of Libertia and Chancellor of Ruthenia. The Kingdom was transformed into the Grand Duchy of the Savage Islands and annexed to the Kingdom of Ruthenia, since D. Guilherme paid loyalty to the Ruthenian Monarchy.
On 19 June 2015, D. Guilherme da Lomellina e Berenguer resigned to his title of Grand Duke, inherited by his cousin, King Francisco II due to the fact that the Portuguese Republic and the group called People's Alternative for the Canary Islands are both involved in a territorial dispute that could create diplomatic, political and physical problems to the Kingdom of Ruthenia and the Duchy of Libertia. On the same day, the King abdicated his Savish titles and dissolve the Grand Duchy. This fact ended the occupation which lasted four months and 17 days.
After the loss of Savage Islands, the Ruthenian Government restarted the expansion plans. On 30 June, the Government of Ruthenia annexed the Kaiser Wilhelm II Land, located on the eastern portion of Antarctica, which came to be known as Grand Duchy of Gaussland. The Ruthenian government says "the move was to promote a better world through the protection of environment as well as in respect to the imperial ambitions que can only be filled by such attitudes".
The Kaiser Wilhelm II Land, the part of Antarctica lying between Cape Penck, at 87°43’E, and Cape Filchner, at 91°54’E, became an integral part of the Ruthenian State from the date of the decree issued by King Oscar, but at the time the Kingdom of Ruthenia was admitted as the sixteenth member of the Antarctic Micronational Union, Ruthenia claimed a much larger territory, then ruling the territory between USLSSR and St.Charlie.
National colors and symbols
Main article: Flags and symbols of Ruthenia
Main article: Departments of the Ruthenian Government
According to the Constitution of 2015, Ruthenia is to be a confederate constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system of government, wherein the King of Ruthenia is the Head of State and the Chancellor is the Head of Government. Power is separated among the legislative, executive and judicial branches of government, as defined by the Constitution, which serves as the country's supreme legal document. The king, who holds powers of interference in the branches of the government, acts as "Supreme Administrator".
The legislature is comprised of the Council of State and the General Assembly, which is made up of members appointed by the King and members elected by the people. Laws must be approved by the King before entering into force. The Monarch is Commander-in-Chief of the Ruthenian Armed Forces, and serves as chief diplomatic official abroad and as a symbol of unity. King Oscar I of Ruthenia of the House of Götzö-Thomaz-Rocha was crowned King of Ruthenia on 20 November 2014. Officially, the Chancellor exercises executive powers. Constitutionally, legislative power is vested with Council of State as upper house and General Assembly as lower house.
Ruthenia was dominated by political and social unrest during its first three months of existence. Disputes between the nobles forced Ruthenia to become a constitutional monarchy. After the promulgation of the Constitution, Ruthenia experienced a major phase of social and political achievements for many different classes of society and incentives to the economy, in what would become called the "social justice phase". From then on, Ruthenia withdrew from its image of archaic monarchy and became more in line with modern views of progressive governance, assuming a westernized government while the traditions, visibly influenced by Eastern Europe, were absorbed by a prosperous society.
Main article: Foreign relations of Ruthenia
Since the foundation of the Kingdom, Ruthenia has established a great number of treaties and recognition terms with several other micronations. In the early hours of 21 November, the Kingdom of Acrin was the first nation to recognize Ruthenia, followed by the German Reich of Mednyat (later known as the Principality of Pripyat') and the People's Republic of Hashima. On 22 November, mutual recognition was also established with the Kingdom of Wiltogo. The next day, the Convanese Republic also recognised Ruthenia.
Ruthenia established itself as a friendly micronation towards others, with mutual recognition treaties, formal relations, and alliances. The main goal of Ruthenia's foreign policy is to contribute to peace and stability in the intermicronational community.
The duty of the Armed Forces of Ruthenia is to protect the kingdom, the King, and his subjects. The Armed Forces are divided into three branches: the Royal Army, the Royal Navy and the Royal Air Force. The Commander-in-Chief is the King, but the forces are also commanded by the Minister of National Defence, usually the same individual as the Director of the Ruthenian Secret Service (RSS).
Agriculture represents the largest component of GDP of the Kingdom, especially in the north. In the south, Ruthenia is bordered by São Paulo City, which is considered the "financial capital of Brazil", as it is the location for the headquarters of many major corporations and the country's most renowned banks and financial institutions. The per capita income for the kingdom is about US$ 4,000.
The energy that fuels the kingdom comes from several sources. In the north, there is the power supply from generators purchased in the Brazilian market and hydropower from rivers that make the border of the kingdom. In the south, the energy is purchased from the public company that provides the power supply to the city of São Paulo.
The means of transportation that are found in the realm differ between regions. In the northern portion of the kingdom, there are buses and cars, in addition to trucks, cars, carts and tractors made available by the Ruthenian government for the movement of subjects between the Land of St. Stephen and the Land of St. Peter and Paul. Small boats are also used to transport people and cargo along the rivers in the kingdom. In the south, a wide network of public transport in the city of São Paulo favors the residents of this part of the kingdom, as well as privately-owned cars. The South Exclave is served by bus, trains, subways, taxis, and has access to two Brazilian airports.
Geography and resources
Ruthenia possess a cultivable area of 3.8 km², already assigned to the cultivation of grain for domestic consumption and for raising cattle for slaughter and subsequent sale, in addition to the aforementioned domestic consumption.
Ruthenia is bathed in a stream of clear water known in Brazil as "Rio Gurguéia" and "Riacho das Lages", the latter known in Ruthenia as "Água Branca". There is also a dam, a lake (the "Lake of Dead River" in English) and three wells, all intended for reservation and distribution of drinking water. Due to the high incidence of sunlight, plus the ability to generate hydroelectric power due to the stream that runs along the border to the north-northeast, Ruthenia also makes use of sunlight and power generators bought in Brazil.
The climate is hot and humid in the northern part of the kingdom, but in the uplands it is dry with high day-time temperatures and cool nights. The South Exclave has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate. In summer (January through March), the mean low temperature is about 17 °C (63 °F) and the mean high temperatures is near 28 °C (82 °F). In winter, temperatures tend to range between 11 and 23 °C (52 and 73 °F).
Main article: Administrative Divisions of Ruthenia
Ruthenia is composed of three political units: the Kingdom of Ruthenia proper, the Duchy of Libertia, and the Grand-Duchy of the Savage Islands. The Kingdom proper is a unitary polity divided into five areas ruled directly by the king: the Land of St. Peter, the Land of St. Paul, the Region of Alto da Solidão, the Duchy of Persenburg-Götzödorf (known as Royal District before February 2015) and the Grand Duchy of Escandia.
The Land of St. Stephen is located in the northern portion of Ruthenia, and is the largest part of the kingdom. It was in this region where the first capital was located, an autonomous region called Alto da Solidão. Not far from the Land of St. Stephen and of Alto da Solidão are the Lands of St. Peter and Paul, which are smaller and more isolated, with vast quantity of native vegetation - this differs from St. Stephen, which is an area marked by agricultural activity. In an area known as the Persenburg is a former royal residence, known as the Winter Residence, surrounded by the city of São Paulo in Persenburg, Brazil (which is basically a diplomatic representation of Ruthenia abroad), and the Grand Duchy of Escandia, an apartment acquired by the King in late 2013 and converted to a grand duchy in the following year.
The autonomous Duchy of Libertia is divided between the Provinces of Grancasa e Arpuro and the Colony of La Hire, and the autonomous Grand Duchy of the Savage Islands is comprised of two islands (Grand-Savage and Lesser-Savage), two main islets (Fora and Long), and a group of smaller islets (the North Islets).
Education and healthcare
Despite Ruthenia having no schools or universities, the government allows students to study in foreign territories, mostly in Brazil, and the Royal House helps to fund university fees. Most jobs available within Ruthenia are agriculturally-related. The more qualified manpower provides services to the royal house or is employed abroad.
Although there are no health centres or hospitals located within Ruthenia, use is made of nearby Brazilian hospitals.
Ruthenian culture retains much of the European influence originally brought by the Royal Family. It places an important emphasis on family, religion, and traditions in general, such as respect for holy days. One of the strongest expressions of Ruthenian culture is the typical dance usually performed in the days of Carnival and St. John's Day, a variation of the polonaise, but in a more hectic pace seen in steps and performed to percussion instruments. The waltz is reserved for more formal occasions, especially for Royal Court events. Other aspects of Ruthenian culture include horse races, hunts (currently banned by the Royal Family out of respect for the environment), Masses on Sundays, and festivals between June and August dedicated to St. Anthony and St. John, among others, where dancing around bonfires takes place.
In everyday use, Portuguese is used by the majority of the Ruthenian people. Portuguese is also the official language in the Royal Court, but English and French also have regular use, especially by the government, and are the languages used by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
The official religion of Ruthenia is Roman Catholicism. Although it is officially adhered to by the entirety of the population, the vast majority - including members of the Royal Family - are not often seen attending the rituals of their faith. Although there is religious freedom under law, the traditionalism of Ruthenian society has resulted in strong opposition to prospective future expansion of new religions.
The Ruthenian cuisine is marked by the conspicuous use of meat in many of its traditional dishes. Typically, Ruthenians feed on rice accompanied by beans, quite varied green salad, and meat and eggs. A popular dish is the barbecue, especially beef, served with sauces or with French bread. In Persenburg, popular dishes include lasagna, pizza, pancakes, and also the consumption of sweets such as cakes and pies, all inspired by the European habits of the inhabitants of the capital.
|New Year's Day||1 January||Beginning of the calendar year|
|International Women's Day||8 March|
|Easter Day||Between 22 March and 25 April|
|International Workers' Day||1 May||Tribute to all workers|
|Martyr's Day||17 July||Tribute to Royal Passion-Bearers Nicholas II of Russia and his family|
|King's Day||14 August||Anniversary of the King|
|St Stephen's Day||16 August||Feast day of St. Stephen of Hungary, patron saint of the Kingdom and of the Royal Family|
|National Day||19 November||Foundation of the Kingdom of Ruthenia|
|Christmas Day||25 December||Traditional Christmas celebration|
|New Year's Eve||31 December||Ending of the calendar year|